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圣翰德——中华民国十二年一毫镍币

2019-09-16 20:57 来源:中国财经网 阅读:(1396)

圣翰德——中华民国十二年一毫镍币 精品推荐

1916年护国战争结束后,云南都督唐继尧野心膨胀,利用护国战争树立起来的威望向外扩张,与川、黔军阀连年混战,在滇军内部为争权夺地互相混战,致使军费开支庞大,单靠沿袭旧制征收的田赋、盐税、厘金等税,已不能满足军阀战争的需要,于是唐继尧采取各种手段进行搜刮,以充军饷,铸造镍币便是其中之一。

唐继尧不愿铸壹角银币,认为太费工时影响造币余利的提高,但却热衷于铸造壹角镍币,因为铸镍币成本低,利益更大。在1924——1935年间,从日本进口原料,鼓铸为辅币,分壹毫、半毫两种。

1919年后,云南的白银来源减少,外流增加,云南造币厂缺乏铸料。富滇银行纸币随着发行增加,已出现贬值、贴水。从1922年百元纸币兑换银元98元,至1923-1926年仅兑银元40元。1923年,经云南省公署批准,云南造币分厂从日本定制钢模,购入镍币原料,于1924年起开铸壹毫镍币的初铸版。约在8月,市面出现伪制镍币。滇省公署令造币厂改铸镍币式样,减轻币重,周围加银花边。省公署布告自9月1日起实行铸用新币。原拟铸镍币50万元,后因需要既多,省库亦可获铸币余利,遂逐年加铸。1924年1月22日,富滇银行总办马为麟、会办张鸿翼和张之霖呈请省政府规定镍币价格每1枚换当十铜币10枚或纸币1.4角;镍币2.4元当银元1元。2月2日,省政府布告批准富滇银行呈请的镍币价格,通令行使。1935年11月,南京国民政府宣布法币政策,云南停铸镍币,1937年9月,中央政府与云南省政府达成协定,以新滇币作为法币的辅币,镍币一律照旧流通,换算率为镍币5角兑法币1角,镍币在云南的重点流通地区为昭通等地,,价格极不一致,也流入四川宜宾等地区。20世40年代前期,金沙江上游地区甚至主要流通镍币,政府一再重申法币1元换镍币20枚,而实际上仅能兑4角镍币。1948年8月,南京国民政府公布《金圆券发行办法》,10月26日财政部函复云南财政厅,滇铸壹毫镍币可照面值与金圆辅币同样行使。1950年3月,镍币停止流通。

 

After the end of the War of protecting the State in 1916, the ambition of Tang Jiyao, governor of Yunnan Province, expanded, expanded outward by using the prestige established by the War of protecting the country, scuffled with the warlords of Sichuan and Guizhou for years, and scuffled with each other for power within the Dian army, resulting in huge military expenditure, which could no longer meet the needs of the warlords' war by relying solely on the taxes levied on the old system, so Tang Jiyao took various means to search and scour the army in order to pay the army. Casting nickel coins is one of them.

 

Tang Jiyao did not want to cast a dime of silver coin, thinking that it took too much time to improve the profit margin of making coins, but he was keen on casting a dime nickel because of its low cost and greater benefits. Between 1924 and 1935, raw materials were imported from Japan and cast as auxiliary coins, divided into 10 cents and half cents.

 

藏品名称:云南省造中华民国十二年壹毫镍币

 

藏品规格:重:4.48g, 直径:21.10mm

 

Collection name: Five Emperors Money

 

Collection specification:Weight: 4.48g, diameter: 21.10mm

 

此币重4.48克。正面珠圈内为“壹毫镍币”四字,珠圈上缘是“中华民国十二年”字样,壹毫镍币十分罕见,此币虽经流通岁月的洗礼,但风貌神韵尚存,品相亦佳,铸制精良,该币正面中央四星,环列“壹毫镍币”,珠圈外有“中华民国十二年”,下有“云南省造”,左右分列四瓣小花星。

镍质,齿边,边齿规整深浅适中,包浆醇厚入骨,字迹清晰,品相完好,有明显流通使用痕迹,浓厚的年代感扑面而来。因体积较小,极难保存,存世量极为稀少。

From left to right, the following coins are: Shunzhi Tongbao, Kang Xitongbao, Yongzheng Tongbao, Qianlong Tongbao and Jiaqing Tongbao, and five coins are collectively called "five emperors money". The five emperors are in the era of the most powerful national power in China, the times are connected, the national movement is prosperous, the society is stable and prosperous, the emperors are exclusive, the people are happy, the coins are well cast and circulated for a long time, and they have the essence of "heaven, earth, people". Therefore, they can town houses, transform evil spirits, and have the function of prospering money at the same time. This is the money of the five emperors! This group is handed down to the five emperors of the world, copper coins rust uniform color, complete products, clearly visible handwriting, and these ancient money after hundreds of years of circulation, tens of millions of people have used, and Compared with the ordinary ancient money, they gathered more the spirit of Huaxia Earth, the spirit of the Chinese nation, the spirit of the true life, and the spirit of hundreds of the family. Therefore, it also has a very strong financial attraction and protection function, which is a rare treasure, very collection value and market value. Nickel, tooth edge, edge teeth regular depth, pulp mellow into the bone, clear handwriting, good product, obvious traces of circulation and use, a strong sense of the year.

 

背面珠圈内是中华民国五色国旗图徽,珠圈处环饰英文。品相精致,其审美风格独特。钱币虽小,也可管窥当时社会文化一斑。壹毫镍币现十分罕见,此币虽经流通岁月的洗礼,但风貌神韵尚存,品相亦佳,铸制精良,是不可多得的珍稀之品,也是投资者的最爱,具有较高的投资价值及收藏价值。镍币在我国的存在,仅仅几十年,它在我国数千年的货币历史长河里虽然昙花一现,但却是我国货币文化不可或缺的一环。机制币的出现,顺应了历史的发展,是我国钱币铸造技术的重大改革,也是我国钱币形制的一次革命,对当时经济发展起到了一定作用。由于流通时间比较短,铸造量少,流传干民间非常稀少,甚为难得,近几年来,壹毫镍币的收藏价值极为走俏,是收藏家的一匹“黑马”。具有极高的收藏价值和历史研究价值!

On the back of the bead circle is the Republic of China five-color national flag emblem, the bead ring is decorated in English. The product is exquisite and its aesthetic style is unique. Although the coins are small, you can also take a look at the social culture at that time. A penny of nickel is now very rare. Although this coin has been baptized for years in circulation, it still has a charm, good appearance, excellent casting, is a rare product, is also a favorite of investors, with a high investment value and collection value. Nickel coin exists in our country for only a few decades, although it is a flash in the pan in the long history of thousands of years in our country, it is an indispensable part of the monetary culture of our country. The emergence of mechanism currency conforms to the development of history. The exhibition, which is a major reform of the money casting technology in our country, is also a revolution of the coin-form system of our country, which has played an important role in the economic development at that time. Since the time of circulation is short, the amount of casting is small, the circulation of the folk is very rare, it is rare, in recent years, the collection value of the one-piece nickel-nickel coin is very popular, it is a "black horse" of the collector.

 

此珍品现暂放于“四川圣翰德拍卖有限公司”有意可直接与公司联系!

四川圣翰德是一家集艺术品线上线下展览展销、拍卖、文化交流、艺术鉴赏于一体的综合性运营公司;以“汲取中国智慧,弘扬中国精神,创造中国价值”的经营宗旨,以高瞻远瞩的视野、积极的策划运作能力、极具开拓精神的团队,引领中国文化走向世界。