The Xuande furnace in Ming Dynasty is one of the most representative furnaces in the history of Chinese censers. If the song type furnace was the beginning of using appreciation, the Xuande furnace is the ultimate of appreciation. The formation of xuanlu has both chance and necessity. By chance, it's the material. At that time, the wind mill copper was not owned by our Dynasty. Inevitably, the emperor was elegant, the copper smelting process was mature, and the use of censers was popular. If it is not for several factors, it is difficult to have the appearance of xuanlu.
[collection name]: Xuande stove of Daming
In terms of shape and system, xuanlu inherited the bronze wares of the Shang and Zhou Dynasties and the representatives of the five kilns of the Song Dynasty, and borrowed a small amount from the shape of the warring Han Dynasty. This kind of change from porcelain to copper is just like the transformation from the warring Han Dynasty bronze wares to the Song Dynasty porcelain. Inheritance is a kind of continuation, one, three, three and one.
As for the good things of human beings, there are only shapes and systems. As for the censers, the materials are not pottery, copper, iron, porcelain. Few Buddhist and Taoist supporters make gold and silver wares to honor the front of the temple. At present, there are also those who make furnaces from glass. For example, the materials are different, but the shapes they take are almost similar. During the Warring States and Han Dynasties, pottery and bronze stoves were used, either for ritual offerings or for daily life. However, as for the name of incense burner, the appearance of Boshan burner also shaped the artifacts, reflecting the fusion of people's desire psychology and artistic beauty.
When Emperor Xuande was in power, it was said that the Buddha Hall in the palace was on fire, and gold, silver and bronze statues were mixed into liquid. It is also said that Buddha's code set fire, gold, silver, jewelry and copper were all sintered together, so emperor Xuande ordered them to be cast into copper furnaces. Emperor Xuande asked the foundry, how many times can copper be refined? The forger replied that if six heats of copper were used, the jewels would shine. So emperor Xuande ordered twelve fires to be smelted and copper made into strips. Then melt the copper bar with red fire, put it on the screen made of iron and steel, select the purest one to be made into a furnace, and take the one still on the screen to be made into other utensils.
Xuande stove imitated the burning spot of Song Dynasty in the middle period of Xuande, which covered the essence of the stove. It used a kind of foreign brine to soak, wipe, and fumigate, and changed the color into wax tea. By the end of Xuande, it showed more natural color and lighter color. Later generations commented that Xuande stove has five colors: chestnut shell, eggplant skin, Tangli, brown, and the color of Buddhist Scripture paper is the first. The gold-plated hearth is cast with the appearance of auspicious clouds surging up, and the lower part of the gold-plated hearth is the appearance of auspicious clouds overturning. As for the color of chicken skin, it's only after the fire grows.
The color of Xuande stove is contained in it. It reflects the dark and strange light. It is bright, natural, soft and simple. It is a regular script with four characters "Daming Xuande". It has a rigorous structure, regular font, gilded surface, thick golden water, yellow and bright white. Solemn and generous, thick coating, in place details, perfect, is the best investment collection!