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②⑨秦半两 精品推荐

2019-07-12 20:20 来源:中国财经网 阅读:(3521)

圣翰德—— 秦半两  精品推荐

从秦惠文王二年初行钱(前336年)起算,到秦灭亡(前206年),秦半两钱(含战国)的生产共延续了130年。

中期至西汉早期的青铜铸币。初为战国秦一国之铸币。始铸于秦惠文王二年(公元前336年)“初行钱”,至秦始皇二十六年(公元前221年)统一中国而成为全国通行之法定货币。

从秦惠文王二年初行钱(前336年)起算,到汉武帝元狩五年(公元前118年)改铸五铢钱止,半两钱的生产共延续了218年。

汉承秦制,仍用半两钱,至汉武帝元狩五年(公元前118年)改铸五铢钱止,半两钱先后经历战国、秦朝、汉朝三个历史时期,共218年。

半两钱是中国最早在全国通行的统一青铜货币。按时间可分为以下几个阶段From the beginning of Qin Huiwen, Wang Er-wen, from the beginning of the year (the first 336 years), to the end of the Qin Dynasty (the first 206 years), the production of the Qin and the half of the money (including the Warring States Period) lasted for 130 years.

 

Bronze coin from the middle to early Western Han Dynasty. It was the first coin of Qin Dynasty. Founded in the second year of King Hui Wen of Qin(336 B.C.), ``The first money'' was unified in China in the twenty-six years(221 BC)of Qin Shihuang and became the legal currency of the whole country.

 

From the beginning of Qin Huiwen, Wang Er-wen, from the beginning of the year (the first 336 years), the five-year-old five-year-old (118-year-B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. C.), the production of two-half of the money, lasted for 218 years.

 

Han Chengqin system, still using half of the money, to Han Wudi Yuan five years (118 BC) to change the five-way money, half of the money has gone through the Warring States, the Qin Dynasty, the Han Dynasty to three historical periods, a total of 218 years.

 

The two-and-a-half of the money is the first unified bronze currency that China is the first to pass across the country. The time can be divided into the following phases:

战国秦钱,多随军事而流布,与六国商用流通者绝少,故多发现于秦军经略六国之通路。如由秦入蜀之“金牛道”,由秦入楚之“商於道”,由秦入韩魏之“易阳道”等。故钱重而流布范围甚小。钱型多为大钱(钱径在3厘米以上)。

秦始皇承袭先王旧业,仍用半两钱。秦统一货币时,中央也曾铸造过“重如其文”的半两钱。这种钱的特征是钱径稍大(在3.3厘米以上),钱肉较早期稍薄,重8g左右。

随着国势由盛转衰,出于市场商品流通的需要,钱币亦随之缩小而减重。至秦后期钱型变小,钱径多在3厘米以下,重约3-4克。IMG_256

汉高祖得天下(公元前206年),战乱初定,社会经济亟待恢复,故虽承秦制仍用半两钱,但却以秦钱重难用,更令民铸荚钱,使民放铸。引发物价暴涨,货币恶性贬值,至吕后二年(公元前186年),又恢复八铢钱,其后又屡屡改制,虽面文为“半两”,而各大小轻重无常。

In the Warring States period, Qin Qian, with the military and the flow of cloth, and the six commercial banks of the six countries, has been found in the passage of the six countries in the Qin army. Such as the "Jin Niu-way" of Qin to Shu, the "quotient's path" from Qin to Chu, the "Yi Yang Road" from Qin to Han Wei, and so on. So the money is heavy and the range of the cloth is very small. The money type is a lot of money (the money diameter is above 3 cm).

 

Qin Shihuang inherited the old business of the first king, and still used half of the money. At the time of Qin's uniform currency, the center has also cast a half-two of the "heavy as it is". The characteristic of this kind of money is that the money diameter is slightly larger (above 3.3 cm), the amount of the money is slightly thinner at the early stage, and the weight is about 8 g.

 

With the rise and fall of the country, because of the need of market commodity circulation, coins also shrink and lose weight. In the late Qin Dynasty, the money became smaller, with a diameter of less than 3 centimeters and a weight of about 3 grams.

 

In that world (206 B. B. B. B. B. B. B. C.), the Han-Han dynasty was in the first place, and the social and economic need to be restored. The rise of prices, the devaluation of the currency, the two-year-old (186 B. C.), and the recovery of the eight-year-old money, after which the reform was repeated, although the face was a "half-two", and the size of each of them was volatile.

IMG_257

藏品名称:秦半两

在秦统一六国之前,各国钱币的形状不一,如铲币、刀币、环钱等,且只能在各自统辖的范围内流通;秦始皇在统一六国后,确定统一法律、度量衡、货币和文字,废止了战国后期六国旧钱,在战国秦半两钱的基础上加以改进,圆形方孔的秦半两钱在全国通行,结束了我国古代货币形状各异、重量悬殊的杂乱状态。此枚秦半两经过漫长岁月洗礼,表面包浆浓郁自然,文字微带隐起,笔划有方折、圆折。存世半两钱极少。较为珍贵,具有研究和收藏价值。

Before the unification of the six countries in Qin Dynasty, the shapes of coins in various countries were different, such as shovel coins, knife coins, ring money and so on, and could only be circulated within the scope of their respective jurisdiction. After unifying the six countries, Qin Shihuang determined the unification of laws, weights and measures, currency and writing, abolished the old money of the six countries in the late warring States period, and improved it on the basis of the Qin and half money of the warring States period. The circular square hole of the Qin and half money passed through the whole country, ending the chaotic state of different shapes and great differences in weight of the ancient currency in our country. This Qin half two after a long period of baptism, the surface covered with pulp rich and natural, the text microstrip hidden, strokes with square fold, round fold. There is very little money in half of the world. More precious, with research and collection price price

 

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